Ecuador is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, by Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America (with Chile) that do not have a border with Brazil. The country also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 965 kilometres (600 mi) west of the mainland. Ecuador straddles the equator, from which it takes its name, and has an area of 256,371 square kilometres (98,985 sq mi). Its capital city is Quito, which was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the 1970s for having the best preserved and least altered historic centre in Latin America

Ecuador has three main geographic regions, plus an insular region in the Pacific Ocean:

La Costa, or the coast, comprises the low-lying land in the western part of the country, including the Pacific coastline.

La Sierra ("the highlands") is the high-altitude belt running north-south along the center of the country, its mountainous terrain dominated by the Andes mountain range.

La Amazonía, also known as El Oriente ("the east"), comprises the Amazon rainforest areas in the eastern part of the country, accounting for just under half of the country's total surface area, though populated by less than 5% of the population.

The Región Insular is the region comprising the Galápagos Islands, some 1,000 kilometers (620 mi) west of the mainland in the Pacific Ocean.

The country has two seasons, wet and dry, but local weather patterns vary greatly depending on geography. The Galapagos and coastal areas are influenced by ocean currents and are hot and rainy between January and April. This is an unpleasant time to be in these areas. From May to December it carely rains and the temperature is a couple of degrees cooler.

In the highlands the dry season is between June and September and also around Christmas, but the wet season isn`t particularly wet. Temperatures are generally spring- like and get no higher than 24 degrees centigrade.

The eastern rainforest experiences rain year-round but July and August are the wettest months; September to December are the driest. It`s usually as hot in the east as it is on the coast.

Ecuador's population was estimated at 11 million, ecuador's population is ethnically mixed. The largest ethnic groups are indigenous and mestizo (mixed Indian-Caucasian). Although Ecuadorans were heavily concentrated in the mountainous central highland region a few decades ago, today's population is divided about equally between that area and the coastal lowlands.

Migration toward cities particularly larger cities in all regions has increased the urban population to about 55%. The tropical forest region to the east of the mountains remains sparsely populated and contains only about 3% of the population.

CURRENCY: The currency of Ecuador is the American Dollars.




HOW TO GET TO ECUADOR:

The fastest way to get to Ecuador is by air. Ecuador has some first line international airports located in Quito Mariscal Sucre International Airport (UIO) and Guayaquil Simon Bolivar International Ariport (GYE). The mostly major international airlines do have services to this airports:

 

 

 


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